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Setting up Ubuntu Linux on VirtualBox is a convenient and efficient way for new users to experience the benefits of this popular operating system. With just a few simple steps, you can get started on your Ubuntu journey. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to set up Ubuntu Linux on VirtualBox:

Step 1: Download and install VirtualBox
Begin by downloading and installing Oracle’s VirtualBox software from the official website (https://www.virtualbox.org/). Choose the appropriate version for your operating system and follow the installation instructions.

Step 2: Download Ubuntu ISO
Next, download the ISO image of the Ubuntu distribution you want to use. Visit the official Ubuntu website (https://ubuntu.com/) and choose the version that suits your needs, such as Ubuntu Desktop or Ubuntu Server.

Step 3: Create a new virtual machine
Open VirtualBox and click on the “New” button to start creating a new virtual machine. Give it a name and select the appropriate type and version of Linux (in this case, Ubuntu).

Step 4: Allocate system resources
Assign the amount of RAM you want your virtual machine to use. It is recommended to allocate at least 2GB for smooth performance. Create a virtual hard disk and select the disk file type and size. A dynamic disk file is usually the best choice for flexibility.

Step 5: Install Ubuntu using the ISO image
Select your newly created virtual machine and click on the “Settings” button. Under the “Storage” tab, add the downloaded Ubuntu ISO as a virtual optical disk. Start the virtual machine and begin the installation process by selecting the ISO image when prompted.

Step 6: Install Ubuntu on the virtual machine
Follow the Ubuntu installation steps, such as choosing your language, keyboard layout, and entering your user details. Select “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” to install it as the sole operating system on the virtual machine. Restart the virtual machine once the installation is complete.

Step 7: Install VirtualBox Guest Additions
After restarting your virtual machine, click on the “Devices” menu in VirtualBox and select “Insert Guest Additions CD image.” This will mount the Guest Additions CD on your virtual machine. Open a terminal and run the installation script from the mounted CD. Reboot the virtual machine after the installation is complete.

Step 8: Set up shared folders (optional)
If you want to share files between your host operating system and the virtual machine, you can set up shared folders. In VirtualBox, select your virtual machine, go to “Settings,” and under the “Shared Folders” tab, add a new shared folder. Specify the folder path and choose the mount point within the virtual machine.

Step 9: Install additional software
Once Ubuntu is set up, you can start installing additional software to enhance your experience. Open the Ubuntu Software Center or use the terminal to install packages and applications according to your needs.

Step 10: Customize and explore Ubuntu
Now that Ubuntu is successfully installed on your virtual machine, take some time to customize its appearance and explore its features. Ubuntu offers a user-friendly interface with tons of customization options and a wide range of applications and software available.

Setting up Ubuntu Linux on VirtualBox provides a safe and isolated environment for new users to learn and experiment with the operating system. By following these 10 steps, you can easily set up Ubuntu and start enjoying its many benefits without affecting your primary operating system. Happy exploring!